Damian, 1007-1072. Doctor of Reform and Renewal, Feb
Spiritual reform and renewal are indispensable and essential actions,
attitudes and plans for sanctification for each of God's creatures. The church and individuals
have implemented these spiritual efforts down through the ages. Today,
nationwide in most archdioceses, parishes and communities, small and
large groups are being formed for spiritual awakening. To enrich our
spirituality through corporal and spiritual works of mercy, renewal
and reform programs are constantly being developed and implemented. Peter was a
superb leader in this endeavor and his example can serve us as a
model and mentor. No matter how much he felt drawn to God in prayer
and solitude, he remained obedient and humble in allowing God to use
him not as he wanted but in service to the church by exercising
total trust and surrender to his call, guided by God's Ghost mystically.
Prior to Peter's birth, the church
had been waiting the longest time, three hundred and thirty years,
for another doctor to be born. The church needed to be reborn again
because of laxity and excessive worldly leisure had infiltrated into
the clergy, which is deplorable in the eyes of God. This is not meant to
suggest that if the laity were excessively indulgent and lax in
spiritual development it would be a lesser offense to God. However,
if those who are expected to set godly example do not show good
behavior, how much more offensive is that to God who calls certain
people to a more consecrated lifestyle.
It should be no surprise that scandals from within the priesthood and religous life happened in the past. We only have to look at the church within today and in the last 30 years to see worldwide sexual scandals that have been appalling and outrageous. No adequate words can express the sorrow and pain that has happened worldwide because of sin, vice and outright abuse in the highest degree possible. It has been sacrilegious to say the least and hopefully reform, renewal and new safeguards have been set up to monitor and guage new developments because of the weakness of human nature and abuse of power.
What has been and as often is the
case, God bestowed mercy on the bride of Christ, the church, by
raising up St Peter Damian to usher in immense reform and renewal
and none too soon. Imagine, during Peter's lifetime alone, there
were too many and the church had its own "dark
Peter lost both of his parents at a very young age. He
was a poor boy and identified with the indigent. He never forgot the
poor during his life and enjoyed ministering to them by serving them
meals frequently or doing other charitable deeds. One of Damianís
brothers treated him rather unfairly with menial assignments.
Another brother named Damian favored him and Peter was able to
receive an education. He adopted his name in gratitude for favors
received from him. Providence works in different ways but It is
always working to lead us to sanctity. Peter eventually became a
professor of great renown.
During this period of his life,
when he was still young, Peter practiced fasting, praying and
meditating on the Creatorís plan for him. He also practiced secret
penance in thanksgiving for favors received. There were many
allurements of pleasure and paths available to him. Scandals and
distractions of university life were another reason for him to enter
into a more secluded environment. As today, the temptations of life
are always there and they pull and push us to do the wrong and easy
things. It is only through prayer, fasting, and constantly searching
for God, that we will truly discover God anew. By fostering in his life the
spirit of solitude, charity and humility, Peter Damian would gradually be able
to become a master of his spiritual life. The reforms and renewals
of his own personal life preceded his work and reform for the church
and other people.
After teaching, he abandoned all for a
personal prayer life, doing penances and seeking to please God
through holy consecration as a religious. Obviously, one does not
give up something unless one receives an attraction to another type
of life that is of more interest. Peter received a powerful
attraction to belong entirely to God in silent prayer within the
solitude of a hermitage in Italy. When he wasn't absorbed in prayer,
he studied the bible.
He favored the contemplative and
hermitage division of the Benedictines. They are called the
Camaldolese whose founder was St. Romauld. Peter also wrote the life
of this saint. The Catholic Church is rich in holy professions and
has many unknown (to many people) eastern and western dedicated
hermits and monks. They often live apart from the world in remote
and deserted areas where silence and solitude can be practiced and
lived. This style emboldens and nourishes the spirit which can be
easily sapped by all the cares and anxieties that we experience.
However, solitude and silence must be found wherever we are. This is where
we can experience and be led by God. The powerful One has a way of revealing and energizing
us in the most active ministries and occupations if we petition him
for help and insight. No sincere prayers will ever be deny us by our
Father when we ask in Jesusí name. Silence and solitude are
indispensable for spiritual awareness, assurances and
Peter was indeed very happy as a monk. Who, but
God, could have called him? However, just because God calls us to
one way of life doesnít mean the Almighty stops beckoning us. Oh,
no! God is the Father, forever, and he is forever calling us to come
up higher. This requires openness, docility and trust in our Lover
who always wants to share his love more generously and intensely.
Damian was a person of sincere obedience to his superiors
and he complied with accepting a leadership role when asked or
commanded. He did this rather reluctantly but he was obedient and
sensed the need to begin his renewal and reform efforts by
immediately establishing five new hermitages.
As is often the
case, holy people sooner or later become highly recognized and God
challenges them with new duties and responsibilities which are often
disagreeable to human nature because of its demands, conflicts and
exhausting requirements dealing with problem
Peter was asked to settle disputes (because he
was a peacemaker) among the clergy, government and many societal or
church needs. He was involved in troubleshooting which is usually
sticky and messy. He unearthed ugly or improper behavior, attitudes
Some people are graced with ambition and high
aspirations. That can be a blessing or a curse depending on how
humble one really is and how one exercises and reacts to that
intention. Some people flee from public service for God for many
reasons based upon their upbringing, education, opportunity or
temperament. St Peter Damian wanted out of the world of humankind
and fled to the world of prayer in silence and solitude not because
he was afraid but rather because he preferred God. He knew of his
own weaknesses and tendencies when a lot of liberty and freedom
reigned. However, the pope said no to Peter's request and made him a
cardinal-bishop which plunged him into more mundane and public
Many of the doctors began serving God
publicly rather reluctantly. We see this clearly in Sts Ambrose,
Hilary, Gregory, and in the most distinguished reform and renewal doctor, St
Peter Damian. Obeying the will of God in service to the church when
they would have preferred another path can be heroic. Ambrose was a
governor. Hilary was married. Gregory was in a monastery as a monk. However, all were
obedient to higher authorities and acquiesced in obedience when God
revealed them a new need he had for the church, his special Bride.
Sometimes God used drastic measures to impress us as he did by
knocking Saul off his horse, (Scripture does not mention his horse
but some traditions suggest it- as the ass and ox with the Infant
Jesus in the Nativity scene are omitted) and blinding him on the
road to Damascus. We know how Saul cooperated and became St Paul and
went on to serve the church with Peter.
Simony was rampant
in Peterís day and he worked sedulously aiming to wipe out the
buying and selling of spiritual goods or of a church office. His
efforts in this corruption caused the pope to state that Peterís efforts
were exaggerated. With sincerity, our renewal giant wrote a vigorous
letter of protest toward those that wanted to keep everything the
way it was. Scandals abounded. Peter urged, supported and encouraged
the clergy to maintain their vows and promises. It is not always
easy to remain celibate, behave chaste in all manners and live
simply according to oneís poverty oaths or serve as a model to the
poor. Other behaviors that needed reform were encouraging more time
for prayer, a reduction of needless traveling and living too
comfortably. What was needed was not being afraid of more
mortifications, asceticism, discipline, purifying one's thoughts and
imagination as the gospel suggested through self-denial in a
Peter understood human nature well and
knew that riches, comfort and Ďlooseí living sets up temptations
which we should avoid. Seductions, scandalous and sinful behavior
can creep into our thinking, feelings and imagining unless it is
balanced with prayer, discipline and meditation. Naturally, we can
not control our feelings and impressions which may not be sinful but
that doesnít mean we canít aim to improve how we handle our interior
world. Another excellent measure to help in spiritual growth is to
perform self-sacrifices for the poor and needy in a spirit of
sacrifices and generosities with almsgiving. There are many things we can impose on ourselves to
check human nature that wants total liberty and absolute freedom to
do anything and everything in a selfish manner.
envisioned a support system was needed such as urging even the
diocesan priest to live together and maintain scheduled prayer-times
and religious observances. Little things such as sitting or standing
at the proper time during the saying of the divine office were not
overlooked by the keen eye of Cardinal Damian. (Peter resisted the
Cardinalís Red Hat opportunity but accepted only because of the threat of
excommunication.) Despite the nitty-gritty enforcement of things
people didn't like to hear, Peter admonished others in charity. He
took his duties seriously and strongly implemented widespread reform
and renewal efforts. He started with the clergy.
Added to his strong
verbal support, visitations and observations, Peter wrote many
letters and sermons on the subject of reform and also used
biographies of saints and holy people employing concrete examples and stories rather than
theory and dry concepts to illustrate gospel themes and give impact and vivid meaning to his messages
of renewal and reform.
Peter was asked by the Holy Father to serve as papal
legate. He worked himself to death quietly and cheerfully. "Let us
faithfully transmit to posterity the example of virtue which we have
received from our forefathers." This personal quote sums up his
renewal and reform attitude: sharing, giving and passing on to
others what God had first given to St. Peter Damian. He treasured
and cherished his inheritance and challenges and worked diligently for
the church by offering more guiding light when deep darkness
Today, renewal and reform efforts are crucially
needed inside and outside the church. In government, prison
treatment, military, politics, arts and sciences, businesses, education, sports,
seminaries, monasteries and every conceivable layer of society, St.
Damian can be a grand model and example for checks and
For years Peter Damian was much employed in the
service of the church by successive popes. Peter constantly
solicited the popes to grant him leave to resign his bishopric and
return to his solitude but they usually always refused Peter. He
interpreted this to mean God wanted him exactly where he was.
Whatever austerities Peter prescribed for others, he first practiced
on himself and he continued doing this even in his old age. He was
never idle. Peterís preaching was most eloquent and his writing
Peter was a poet and a pamphleteer. What Father Christopher Rengers wrote about him in his book is:
"Many of the shorter
works of St. Peter Damian, known as opuscula ("little works"), were in the form of open letters to the Popes, cardinals, various bishops, abbots, and lay people. He
wrote to all the Popes of his era: Gregory VI, Clement II, Benedict IX, Damasus II, St Leo IX, Victor II, Stephen X, Nicholas II, Alexander II. He wrote often
to Hilderbrand, who became Pope Gregory VII shortly after St. Peter Damians's death. His writing to Cadalus, an anti-pope, is dramatic. He wrote especially
to important lay leaders. The Empress Agnes was a favorite recipient of his letters.
In this manner St. Peter Damian exercised a deep influence on the church. His
remarks were always very much to the point. He is not so much the philosopher explaining principles at length, but rather the crusader giving practical advice. Today
many of St. Peter's "little works" would well be called pamphlets."
Among St. Peter's Damians 225 poems, the best-known in English is "A Hymn of Paradise." It begins:
Unto the spring of purest life
Aspires my withered heart,
Yea, and my soul confined in flesh
Employs both strength and art,
Working, suing, struggling still
From exile home to part.
In St. Peter Damian's writing you can see the truly mystic soul, peering longingly through the veil of visible reality (always lumpy even for mystics) to the more
solid and enduring, but presently invisible, reality beyond."
He was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1838.
If this holy cardinal-bishop reformer were alive today he
would applaud the great emphasis on prayer, prayer meetings, and
especially the houses of prayer that many religious communities have
established. Although he was most passionate about leading a total
prayer life, he readily gave it up to serve God in the church when
his superiors asked him. This takes wisdom, discernment and holy
trust in others and God and especially a most generous spirit of
sacrifice as Jesus and the saints have demonstrated.
can identify with Peter in many ways. He had chronic insomnia. There
are an estimate forty millions Americans alone who suffer from sleep
disorders. It is very common and is a normal response to life
stresses, aging and medical or psychiatric illness. Please petition
St Peter Damian to help you. He longs to assist you because he
himself can understand what you are going through.
have drinking problems. Reform is needed in that area too and there are many clinics, health organizations, and alcohol anonymous groups that one can find to help you.
and smoking are other addictions that need moderations and
restrictions for good health.
For drug and alcohol addiction, located in Jacksonville, Fl., Phone: 904- 471 8453; Other countries worldwide; Go to web site below.
Saints in heaven have tremendous influences not only to help us spiritually but bodily as
well. With the anxiety and complex problems that we have both in our
jobs and at home we need to get rested well to function well.
Perhaps that is the reason that Peter Damian loved prayer intensely.
He preferred always to be engaged in it. Why? He was restored to a
restful and relaxed state while engaging in prayer. Who knows?
Perhaps he got addicted to prayer (this can happen when we should be
acting instead of praying-discernment is needed) and God had a
subtle way to break that spiritual attraction by giving him other
active duties and responsibilities.
Other current, notable
addictions and compulsions include pornography and consummerism.
The habit of pornography generally starts when we are ever so
innocent and young, although this pernicious habit can begin at any
time. God has made our bodies most beautiful. Young men, women and adolescences
view and gaze at naked bodies on the Internet, magazines, movies,
and most especially, in one's imagination. Once we begin and get
trapped in naked beauty we find ourselves, if not cautious, easily undressing (mentally) everyone
as we let our imagination and eyes wander aimlessly as we look at
people and do not exercise modest viewing.
we pant for new products, merchandise and clothing because we often
have the money, and let's face it, we love spending it-even when we
don't have it but do have our credit cards. We reason, we've earned
it and everyone else has it, why shouldn't we?
talking about needed things, I'm talking about things we actually
don't need but we want to indulge because they are helpful or beautiful and why
shouldn't we? We reason that we deserve it. We reason that we are worth it. Our reason can justify nearly anything.
We are consumed
with consummerism and our culture is obsessed with buying. We need
virtue to guide our thinking, feeling and our actions. All possess
subtle, often unknown vices, that we are unaware or unconscious of.
Our sense of morality has slipped or is latent. Reform and renewal
awakens our soul's senses (awareness) of spiritual
Christians need to have grace to keep graceful. We need
purity to have the chance of remaining pure, and we need wisdom not
to use our credit cards when buying urges us to overspend or
misspend because of our materialistic urges.
moderation are enacted with virtue and God's grace and in no other
If we are able to discipline our behavior, that in itself is
God's grace, albeit, hidden. Anything good you are able to do comes
from God. Positive self-discipline is the ability to practice
within. Grace filled people know that their thoughts beget habits
and they need to discipline their thoughts to create the habits of
checking impure or unwise actions as pornography and restrict our buying habits. In his day, Peter Damian performed penances and
fasting. We, too, need checks and balances and God will always guide
us from going astray or becoming too lax when we are earnest and
Temptations are slick and our vanity blinds, deafen, and
binds us. Jesus gave us only one prayer and it included "lead us not
into temptation" from the Our Father Prayer. And who is leading us into
temptations? We lead ourselves when we do not pray enough. We do not
pray enough because we are tempted. It can be a vicious
When we are living honestly, we can never pray enough.
This old adage is wise! Wake up and smell the roses! Christ spend 30 years praying to prepare
for about 3 years of an active ministry. Some teachers or professionals spend hours in prepartions for a presentation, homily, class etc., that will take one 20 minutes to complete.
Authentic Christians are challenged, tempted and confronted
daily. One should almost expect to "fall" sometimes unless you're
already perfect. Prayer picks us up and renews us. Penances are
important. You don't necessarily have to beat your body. Beat your
imagination, memory and 'habits of the heart' of thinking
unkindly-even when people are mean. This takes the Spirit's power.
Prayer will give you what human nature can not imagine because it is
of a divine nature.
Oh, yes, lest we forget, that dirty word,
'confession', is necessary. We call it the sacrament of Reconcilation
today. That term sounds softer. The church's law is to confess.
Sometimes, in order of priorities, going to confession, is our last
on the list. The first doctor of the church, St Ambrose, said:
"Confession opens the door to heaven". That is a powerful statement
when you think about it. Ponder it well and reflect on the below link.
Perhaps we might change our priorites from
making the sacrament of Reconcilation from last to first on our "to do" list during Lent. We really ought to thank God for the ability to
confess. Those who do not confess in some form can go to hell. Pride is
an eternal killer. It underpasses hope or thought as love surpasses
word or thought.
The catholic church collectively has held
twenty-one ecumenical councils in twenty-one centuries. This fact
should remind us that radical change has always been vital and
needed for growth and development. This is what the Catholic
Almanac says about the councils:
The councils have
played a highly significant role in the history of the Church by
witnessing to and defining truths of revelation, by shaping forms of
worships and discipline, and by promoting measures for the
ever-necessary reform and renewal of Catholic life. In general, they
have represented attempts to mobilize itself in times of crises for
self-preservation, self-purification and growth. See the Catholic Almanac
for the dates and list of all the councils. Often you can discover just about anything on Google.
Many of us can
identify with the last great Council of Vatican II ushered in by Blessed Pope John XXIII. That Council gave new meaning, focus and direction
to the church both within and to the world at large. Thus we see
that God uses individuals as Peter Damian and moves others including
popes to form large gatherings called councils. God always leads his
people and provides the very best for all. God wants for his
children peace, happiness and sanctification by the Holy Spirit.
This can only be achieved with constant, spiritual reform,
renewal, and vigilance. Councils frequently cause upheavals and imbalances. Radical
changes often cause monumental challenges. Human nature and the
divine plan are often at odds. We need humility, first and last.
Our church as a wise Mother sets aside a specific period in
the liturgical year for fasting, penance, almsgiving and especially
prayer. This time is for the purpose of renewal and reform. We can
identify with Jesus who prepared himself for his ministry by
spending forty days in the desert. During the Lenten Season we can
meditate on the Lordís passion and death. We can attempt to
understand the great obedience of Jesus and his submission to the
Fatherís plan for our salvation.
Preparation is an important
necessity for all work, professions and leisure. We are called daily
to oneís ministry, metier, and mandate. People do not plan to fail.
They fail to plan. Praying daily is the surest plan for proper
balance, peace and harmony within oneself and charity toward others.
Oneís praying can take on many forms and styles. St Peter Damian and
the church councils have provided for us marvelous examples on how
to stay very closely united to God despite the many forces and
concerns pressing us daily. This can always be achieved when we beg
God to foster in us the spirit of charity, solitude (a place and
habit of the heart) and humility. God alone can instill in us an
unselfish concern for others, the divine presence and Godís role for
us according to our lifestyles and everyday living.
renewal efforts included the Mother of God as it did for all the doctors. See link below especially on what Peter had to say
and write about The Mother of God.
THE DOCTORS AND ST. MARY
Peter not only wanted
Mary's role with the birth of Christ but with the highlighting of
her role with Jesus and his appearance on the altar in every mass.
There were already connections known in the Eastern Church doing
this type of Marian associations. He also associated the wisdom text
in the bible and in his "office" of Mary with Christ. He felt the
church came from Mary indirectly because through her we have the
birth of Jesus Christ.
We can be absolutely assured that
Godís Mother and the saints, especially, the renewal doctor, Peter,
are wide-awake to your prayers, petitions and problems in heaven.
Plead with them for anything you want and trust in the results.
Reform and renewal can be most difficult and might seem impossible
at times due to our weak human nature and the habits and patterns
that chain us to fixed orientations and activities. Human nature can
be both docile and rebellious. Praying and grace enables us to conquer,
overcome and subdue any and all hostile enemies and attacks. Listen
to the piercing cry of Peter to Mary, his Queen. He says:
thou (you) are most loving and you love us with an invincible
Rengers' inspiring writings including his doctor book on all the 33 Doctors of the Church, found in the sources,
tell us that Peter had great confidence in Mary's intercession. He
relates a number of incidents to prove her powerful aid. He
states: It was his custom when relating miracles or heavenly
appearances to say carefully just how sure he was of the facts, a
rather unusual scientific trait for his day.
St Catherine of Siena was another
holy person and Doctor of the Church who told the pope of her day where God wanted the church
when it was in France. When one is closely united to the Holy Spirit
and under the Spirit's influence as Catherine and Peter, great
things happen for others. Thus, Rengers notes, Damian's emphasis on
penance was not blind; rather, his chief emphasis was on the
preparation for union with God in prayer and in the ultimate
refreshment given to us in the gift of contemplation-finding God's
presence everywhere but especially within oneself.
profound union, Rengers states, allowed him to best explain the
unity of all Christians with Christ and with one another: Indeed
the church of Christ is united in all her parts by such a bond of
love that her several members form a single body, and in each one
the whole church is mystically present; so that the whole church
universal may rightly be called the one bride of Christ, and on the
other hand every single soul can, because of the mystical effect of
the Sacraments, be regarded as the whole Church.
claimed that those who are truly repentant, reformed, renewed and
love Mary ardently would be personally assisted by her when their
life is about to be finished. Mary will, in her own person, escort
and assist them to the next life in heaven when God calls them to
depart from earth. What a blessed assurance! Endeavor then to call
upon Mary wholeheartedly because no matter how much you love her, it
will always be less than her love toward you. True lovers of Mary
are never able to equal Maryís own love toward them. Thus we begin
to glimpse the vitally importance of daily renewal and reform. It
assures mastery of the spiritual life, the overthrowing and bringing
down of any hostile forces. It destroys the enemyís power (He has
plenty) and defeats and suppresses him. Thank God for Peter Damian
and the great role he played in showing the church the life-giving
blessings of renewal and reform.
To be a reformer and change
the church and the world profoundly as St Peter Damian, one does not
have to be a bishop, hermit or a religious. It has nothing to do
with being married or single. What is required is the dedication and
consecration of one's heart to God, in one's own way, by acting and
praying charitably always and perhaps wearing a smile more frequently.
Renewal and reform makes good common sense because
we grow stale, weary and human nature needs a good refresher to live
one's life fully. Whatever means you can find to rejuvenate one's
thinking, acting and being kind and nice will have transforming
effects according to the holy will of God for each person. The
church has set aside the time of Lent to make renewal and reform a
reminder for all. What a wise and caring Mother whose main concern
is to imitate our Messiah, Model and Man-God. One holy devotion for
renewal and reform is praying the stations of the
Praying the stations of the cross and the mediation of Jesus and Mary's passion is a holy practice for renewal and reform of our lives and transformation. See link below:
In February, 2004, the movie The Passion of the Christ was released. Their official website is:
Peter Damian is pictured or thought of by some as an extremist,
seeing sin everywhere, but Rengers notes in his book: The 33 Doctors
of the Church, listed in the sources, he was actually a realist,
and his sterness comes from looking stern reality in the face. His
age was an age of grave abuses. He was a reformer and an eminent
forerunner of other reformers. The age is named after his reforming
friend, Hildebrand, later, Pope Gregory VII, whom he called a 'holy
The United States is engaged in war and our ages has been termed the 'culture of death'. Reform,
renewal and transformation are as needed now as in Peter's day. This
requires God's graces and gifts on the Deity's part that is never wanting and cooperation and collaboration on our part that is sometimes wanting our total responsibility,
trust and confidence in God.
What is needed is somehow
creating more time for prayer, guarding our thoughts and habits, and
acting compassionately toward the poor and disable. These are sure
paths to peace and love. Oh, yes, we will have the pain and crosses
as Christ. However, through God's graces, the pain will be
transformed into peace, and the crosses renewed into charity toward
others. We will be reformed from aloneness to wholeness, and from
sinfulness to saintliness. St Peter Damian urges us on to make it
happen as in his day!
Perhaps we could pray for more
enlightenment and awareness as we seriously petition the Holy Spirit:
Oh! please come Holy Spirit and fill the hearts of thy faithful and
enkindle in them the fire of thy divine love, spend forth thy Spirit
and You shall be created and You shall RENEW the face of the earth.
Renew and reform are forms of prayer. It is prayer that awakens
faith and fuels it. The Spirit of the Lord fills the whole world and
governs all! Let us be attentive, atuned and open to the Spirit's
power, presence and peace amidst the fury and fierceness of a
culture that is steeped in fear and death in many parts.
explore other Benedictine Doctors see St Bede, the Venerable, Sts
Anslem, Gregory, Bernard and others on the Homepage among many heroic
The physical sun renews the face of the earth every day. Let this be a reminder of spiritual renewal and reform. It gives us heat, light, sight, strength and energy. Much more is this applicable to our spirtual domain.
Saint Peter (+1072) was a Benedictine abbot and a cardinal. He is a Doctor of the Church.
Camaldolese Hermits of Monte Corona in the United States
For more info on the Benedictine Order click of the below link:
online guide to St Benedict of Nursia, Patriarch of Western
Monasticism and Co-Patron of Europe:
we forget, St Benedict's twin sister is a fascinating read. Explore:
Saints Scholastica and her twin brother Benedict: A
Paradox, A Paradigm:
Another outstanding Damian link is below. Click on the Table of Contents and you will see the links at the top of the page:
this link there are additional links to St Peter Damian, the doctor
of reform and renewal-The Order of Saint Benedict and A
Benedictine Martyrology Renewal Spirit. Saint Damian, the reform and renewal doctor, links listed are
St. Peter Damian's Book of Gomorrah: a Moral Blueprint for Our Times - Part II St. Peter Damian's Book of Gomorrah: a Moral Blueprint for Our Times - Part I
There are scores
of active groups whose missions are reform/renewal. Most are listed
on the link page that can be found near the bottom on the Homepage.
The Cursillo Movement, endorsed by Our Holy Father, is an effective organization for reform and renewal in the World. For information contact: The National Cursillo Center, P.O. Box 210226, Dallas, Tx 75211-0226. Business Telephone: (214) 339-6321.
Lastly, on the Doctors' homepage at the bottom, there are Benedictine awards that will tell one more about the Religious Order. Explore the Benedictines with St Peter to be blessed, and to cherish one's faith toward God and His holy Mother. The Lent Season offers no better time to be renewed and reformed to carry out the holy will of God in all matters.
For more info on the founder of the Camaldolese Order, St Romuald, click on the below link.
Not mentioned in this link is his body was exhumed in 1466, over 400 years after his death, and it was found to be incorrupt. The body of the Saint lies in the crypt of S. Romuald at the Monastery of Saints Biagio and Romuald, Fabriano (Ancona) Italy. This is taken from Joan Carroll Cruz's book entitled The Incorruptibles published by TAN.
The link of St Peter Damian, Doctor of the Church, by Dr. Marcellino D'Ambrosio is below.
Saint Peter Damian